Created around 1823, one of the more evocative pieces of its time, and, as always here, somewhat fit for the Mariner.
I will likely dwell on this a while longer on a later point; for now, it is to be noted that Friedrich never saw the arctic with his own eyes, but worked on paintings and descriptions by others.
Another name for the painting is The Lost Hope. The English sources on its history are rather dry, but if you speak German, the wiki article alone, from which I snatched the image data, is a pure treasure trove.
And through the drifts the snowy cliffs
Did send a dismal sheen:
Nor shapes of men nor beasts we ken—
The ice was all between.
That’s from The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, of course. 😉